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COLOUR STANDARDS ~ November 2001
The WBO Colour Standards should be read in conjunction with the Main Features of a Budgerigar, Standard of Perfection, Scale of Points and Guidelines for Judges & Exhibitors
WBO 2001

Light Green Dark Green Olive Green Greygreen Skyblue Cobalt Mauve Violet Grey
Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal Normal
Opaline Opaline Dark Green Opaline Olive Green Opaline Greygreen Opaline Skyblue Opaline Cobalt Opaline Mauve Opaline Violet Opaline Grey
Cinnamon Cinnamon Cinnamon Cinnamon Cinnamon Cinnamon Cinnamon Cinnamon Cinnamon
Opaline Cinnamon Opaline Cinnamon Opaline Cinnamon Opaline Cinnamon Opaline Cinnamon Opaline Cinnamon Opaline Cinnamon Opaline Cinnamon Opaline Cinnamon
Yellow-wing Yellow-wing Yellow-wing Yellow-wing Whitewing Whitewing Whitewing Whitewing Whitewing
Spangle Spangle Spangle Spangle Spangle Spangle Spangle Spangle Spangle
Dominant Pied Dominant Pied Dominant Pied Dominant Pied Dominant Pied Dominant Pied Dominant Pied Dominant Pied Dominant Pied
Clearflight Clearflight Clearflight Clearflight Clearflight Clearflight Clearflight Clearflight Clearflight
Dutch Pied Dutch Pied Dutch Pied Dutch Pied Dutch Pied Dutch Pied Dutch Pied Dutch Pied Dutch Pied
Recessive Pied Recessive Pied Recessive Pied Recessive Pied Recessive Pied Recessive Pied Recessive Pied Recessive Pied Recessive Pied
Greywing Greywing Greywing Greywing Greywing Greywing Greywing Greywing Greywing
Fallow Fallow Fallow Fallow Fallow Fallow Fallow Fallow Fallow
Saddleback Saddleback Saddleback Saddleback Saddleback Saddleback Saddleback Saddleback Saddleback
Sex-linked Clearbody Sex-linked Clearbody Sex-linked Clearbody Sex-linked Clearbody Sex-linked Clearbody Sex-linked Clearbody Sex-linked Clearbody Sex-linked Clearbody Sex-linked Clearbody
Other Varieties
Full Circular Crest Half Circular Crest Tufted Crest Lutino Albino Double Factor Spangle Green Double Factor Spangle Blue Dark Eyed Clear Yellow Dark Eyed Clear White
Yellowface (Mutant 1) Yellowface (Mutant 2) Double Factor & Goldenface Double Factor Rainbow Dominant Clearbody Light Green Dominant Clearbody Skyblue Slate Anthracite    
Light Yellow Dark Yellow Olive Yellow Grey Yellow Yellow (Suffused) Grey White White (Suffused) Lacewing Yellow Lacewing White
Opaline Yellow-wing Light Green Opaline Whitewing Skyblue Cinnamon Yellow-wing Cinnamon Whitewing Opaline Cinnamon Yellow-wing Opaline Cinnamon Whitewing      

NORMAL GROUP Green Series & Blue Series

LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts light green of an even depth of colour throughout
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue
Feet and legs: blue/grey

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DARK GREEN

As the Light Green but with a dark green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

OLIVE GREEN

As the Light Green but with a deep olive green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey green of an even depth of colour throughout
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should he free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts deep skyblue of an even depth of colour throughout.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal white edge.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep rich cobalt (dark blue) body colour. 
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

MAUVE

As the Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep mauve body colour free from any grey suffusion.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

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VIOLET

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts deep violet of an even depth of colour throughout.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal white edge.
Primary tail feathers: deep violet.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

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GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey of an even depth of colour throughout and free from any blue suffusion.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal white edge.
Primary tail feathers: black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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OPALINE GROUP Green Series & Blue Series

OPALINE LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts; light green of an even depth of colour throughout including V area (saddle or mantle) where undulations at the back of the head should cease thus leaving a clear V effect between the top of the wings.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faint undulation at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck should be minimal. On wings should be black on the body colour ground and be symmetrical with an opalescent effect.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal body colour edge.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

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OPALINE DARK GREEN

As the Opaline Light Green but with a dark green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

OPALINE OLIVE GREEN

As the Opaline Light Green but with a deep olive green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

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OPALINE GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts; grey green of an even depth of colour throughout including V area (saddle or mantle) where undulations at the back of the head should cease thus leaving a clear V effect between the top of the wings.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faint undulation at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck should be minimal. On wings should be black on the body colour ground and be symmetrically shaped with an opalescent effect.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal body colour edge.
Primary tail feathers: black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of opaline grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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OPALINE SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts; deep skyblue of an even depth of colour throughout including V area (saddle or mantle) where undulations at the back of the head should cease thus leaving a clear V effect between the top of the wings.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faint undulation at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck should be minimal. On wings should be black on the body colour ground and be symmetrical with an opalescent effect.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal body colour edge.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

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OPALINE COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Opaline Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep rich cobalt (dark blue) body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

OPALINE MAUVE

As the Opaline Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep mauve body colour free from any grey suffusion.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

OPALINE VIOLET

As the Opaline Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep violet body colour. 
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

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OPALINE GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts; grey of an even depth of colour throughout including V area (saddle or mantle) where undulations at the back of the head should cease thus leaving a clear V effect between the top of the wings.
Mask:

white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faint undulation at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.

Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck should be minimal. On wings should be black on the body colour ground and be symmetrical with an opalescent effect.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal body colour edge.
Primary tail feathers: black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of opaline grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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CINNAMON GROUP Green Series & Blue Series

CINNAMON LIGHT GREEN

General body colour:

rump, breast, flanks and underparts light green 50% of normal body colour of an even depth of colour throughout.

Mask:

buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the cinnamon brown undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.

Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; cinnamon brown with a well defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: cinnamon brown with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey

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CINNAMON DARK GREEN

As the Cinnamon Light Green but with a dark green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

CINNAMON OLIVE GREEN

As the Cinnamon Light Green but with an olive green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

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CINNAMON GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey green 50% of normal body colour of an even depth of colour throughout.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the cinnamon brown undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; cinnamon brown with a well defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: cinnamon brown with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: deep cinnamon brown with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of cinnamon grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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CINNAMON SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts skyblue 50% of normal body colour of an even depth of colour throughout
Mask:

white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the cinnamon brown undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.

Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; cinnamon brown with a well defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: cinnamon brown with a minimal white edge.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey.

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CINNAMON COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Cinnamon Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a cobalt (dark blue) body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

CINNAMON MAUVE

As the Cinnamon Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a mauve body colour, free from any grey suffusion.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

CINNAMON VIOLET

As the Cinnamon Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a violet body colour. Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

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CINNAMON GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey 50% of normal body colour of an even depth of colour throughout.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the cinnamon brown undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; cinnamon brown with a well defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: cinnamon brown with a minimal white edge.
Primary tail feathers: deep cinnamon brown with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of cinnamon grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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OPALINE CINNAMON GROUP Green Series & Blue Series

OPALINE CINNAMON LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts; light green 50% of normal body colour of an even depth of colour throughout including V area (saddle or mantle) where undulations at the back of the head should cease thus leaving a clear V effect between the top of the wings.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faint undulation at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck should be minimal. On wings should be cinnamon brown on the body colour ground and be symmetrical with an opalescent effect.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: cinnamon brown with a minimal body colour edge.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey

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OPALINE CINNAMON DARK GREEN

As the Opaline Cinnamon Light Green but with a dark green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

OPALINE CINNAMON OLIVE GREEN

As the Opaline Cinnamon Light Green but with an olive green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

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OPALINE CINNAMON GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts; grey green 50% of normal body colour of an even depth of colour throughout including V area (saddle or mantle) where undulations at the back of the head should cease thus leaving a clear V effect between the top of the wings.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faint undulation at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck should be minimal. On wings should be cinnamon brown on the body colour ground and be symmetrical with an opalescent effect.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: cinnamon brown with a minimal body colour edge.
Primary tail feathers: deep cinnamon brown with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of opaline cinnamon grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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OPALINE CINNAMON SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts; skyblue 50% of normal body colour of an even depth of colour throughout including V area (saddle or mantle) where undulations at the back of the head should cease thus leaving a clear V effect between the top of the wings.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faint undulation at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck should be minimal. On wings should be cinnamon brown on the body colour ground and be symmetrical with an opalescent effect.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: cinnamon brown with a minimal body colour edge.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey.

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OPALINE CINNAMON COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Opaline Cinnamon Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a cobalt (dark blue) body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

OPALINE CINNAMON MAUVE

As the Opaline Cinnamon Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a mauve body colour, free from any grey suffusion.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

OPALINE CINNAMON VIOLET

As the Opaline Cinnamon Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a violet body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

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OPALINE CINNAMON GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts; grey 50% of normal body colour of an even depth of colour throughout including V area (saddle or mantle) where undulations at the back of the head should cease thus leaving a clear V effect between the top of the wings.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faint undulation at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck should be minimal. On wings should be cinnamon brown on the body colour ground and be symmetrical with an opalescent effect.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: cinnamon brown with a minimal body colour edge.
Primary tail feathers: deep cinnamon brown with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of opaline cinnamon grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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LUTINO & ALBINO GROUP

LUTINO

General body colour: deep buttercup yellow, clear and free from all markings.
Mask: deep buttercup yellow, clear and free from all markings.
Markings: none.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: red with a white iris.
Cheek patches: white.
Primary wing flights: white (yellowish white acceptable).
Primary tail feathers: white (yellowish white acceptable).
Feet and legs: fleshy pink.

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ALBINO

General body colour: white, clear and free from all markings.
Mask: white, clear and free from all markings.
Markings: none.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: red with a white iris.
Cheek patches: white.
Primary wing flights: white.
Primary tail feathers: white.
Feet and legs: fleshy pink.

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NOTE 1

Lutino:- There should be no green suffusion throughout.
Albino:- There should be no blue or grey suffusion throughout.

NOTE 2

The Albino combined with any Yellowface or Goldenface mutation is recognised and the white colour will be suffused with yellow the shade of which will depend on the yellow or goldenface mutation involved.

NOTE 3

The depth of body colour in Lutinos will vary in accordance with the base body colour it is masking.

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CLEARWING GROUP Yellow-wings & Whitewings

YELLOW-WING LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts light green of an even depth of colour throughout, not less than 90% of the normal variety in depth and intensity.
Mask: buttercup yellow, with the throat spots completely absent or only very faintly visible greyish/white in colour. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faintly visible undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck faintly visible on a buttercup yellow ground, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Wings: buttercup yellow, free from all markings.
Primary wing flights: yellowish grey/white.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.
Feet and legs: blue/grey

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YELLOW-WING DARK GREEN

As the Yellow-wing Light Green but with a dark green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.

YELLOW-WING OLIVE GREEN

As the Yellow-wing Light Green but with an olive green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.

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YELLOW-WING GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey green of an even depth of colour throughout, not less than 90% of the normal variety in depth and intensity.
Mask: buttercup yellow, with the throat spots completely absent or only very faintly visible greyish/white in colour. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faintly visible undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck faintly visible on a buttercup yellow ground, all markings should he free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Wings: buttercup yellow, free from all markings.
Primary wing flights: yellowish grey/white.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of yellow-wing grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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WHITEWING SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts deep skyblue of an even depth of colour throughout, not less than 90% of the normal variety in depth and intensity.
Mask: white, with the throat spots completely absent or only very faintly visible greyish/white in colour. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faintly visible undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck faintly visible on a white ground, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Wings: white, free from all markings
Primary wing flights: grey/white.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

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WHITEWING COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Whitewing Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a cobalt (dark blue) body colour.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.

WHITEWING MAUVE

As the Whitewing Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a mauve body colour, free from any grey suffusion.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.

WHITEWING VIOLET

As the Whitewing Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a violet body colour.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.

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WHITEWING GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey of an even depth of colour throughout, not less than 90% of the normal variety in depth and intensity
Mask: white, with the throat spots completely absent or only very faintly visible greyish/white in colour. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the faintly visible undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck faintly visible on a white ground, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Wings: white, free all markings.
Primary wing flights: grey/white.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of whitewing grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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THE CRESTED VARIETY

The Crested character can be combined visibly with all other varieties aforementioned in these standards and the exhibition standard for crested should be exactly as written for each colour and variety plus either a Full Circular, Half Circular or Tufted Crest as described below:-

FULL CIRCULAR:

this should be a flat round crest with the feathers radiating from the centre of the head.

HALF CIRCULAR:

this should be a half circle of feathers radiating from the centre of the head or raised in a flat fringe, above the cere.

TUFTED:

this should be an upright crest of feathers up to three eights of an inch (10 mm) high rising just above the cere.

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SPANGLE GROUP Green Series & Blue Series

SPANGLE LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts light green of an even depth of colour throughout.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots with yellow centres, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck; black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge and on wings each feather being buttercup yellow in colour with a black inner edge and a buttercup yellow outer edge. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet, silvery white or a mixture of both.
Primary wing flights: buttercup yellow with a minimal black edge.
Primary tail feathers: buttercup yellow or yellow edged with black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

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SPANGLE DARK GREEN

As the Spangle Light Green but with a dark green body colour.

SPANGLE OLIVE GREEN

As the Spangle Light Green but with an olive green body colour.

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SPANGLE GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey green of an even depth of colour throughout
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots with yellow centres, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck; black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge and on wings each feather being buttercup yellow in colour with a black inner edge and a buttercup yellow outer edge. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey, silvery white or a mixture of both.
Primary wing flights: buttercup yellow with a minimal black edge.
Primary tail feathers: buttercup yellow or yellow edged with black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of spangle grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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SPANGLE SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts deep skyblue of an even depth of colour throughout.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots with white centres, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck; black with a well-defined white edge and on wings each feather being white in colour with a black inner edge and a white outer edge. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet, silvery white or a mixture of both.
Primary wing flights: white with a minimal black edge.
Primary tail feathers: white or white edged with black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

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SPANGLE COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Spangle Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a cobalt (dark blue) body colour.

SPANGLE MAUVE

As the Spangle Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a mauve body colour free from any grey suffusion.

SPANGLE VIOLET

As the Spangle Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a violet body colour.

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SPANGLE GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey of an even depth of colour throughout.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots with white centres, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck; black with a well-defined white edge and on wings each feather being white in colour with a black inner edge and a white outer edge. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey, silvery white or a mixture of both.
Primary wing flights: white with a minimal black edge.
Primary tail feathers: white or white edged with black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of spangle grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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DOUBLE FACTOR SPANGLE YELLOW (Green Series)

General body colour: yellow and free from all markings.
Mask: yellow. There should not be any visible spots on the mask. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Wings: yellow free from black or grizzled ticking or green suffusion.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: silvery white.
Primary wing flights: slightly paler than body colour.
Primary tail feathers: slightly paler than body colour.
Feet and legs: blue/grey, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

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DOUBLE FACTOR SPANGLE WHITE (Blue Series)

This conforms to the standard for Double Factor Spangle Yellow as above except in the following details:-

General body colour: white and free from all markings.
Wings: white free from black or grizzled ticking or blue or grey suffusion.

NOTE 1

The depth of body colour in D.F. Spangle Yellow will vary in accordance with the base body colour it is masking

NOTE 2

The D.F. Spangle White combined with any Yellowface or Goldenface mutation is recognised and the white colour will be suffused with yellow the shade of which will depend on the yellow or goldenface mutation involved.

NOTE 3

The Spangle variety may be combined visibly with other varieties.

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PIED GROUP Green Series & Blue Series

DOMINANT PIED LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts light green of an even depth of colour throughout but broken with no more than a maximum of 50% of total body colour area by irregular patches of buttercup yellow or with a clear buttercup yellow band around its middle just above the thighs.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: buttercup yellow at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge but having irregular patches of clear buttercup yellow or with part of the leading edge of the wing up to the shoulder clear buttercup yellow on an otherwise normally marked wing. Wing markings may be grizzled in appearance. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue, fleshy pink or a mixture of both in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: buttercup yellow.
Primary tail feathers: buttercup yellow.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

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DOMINANT PIED DARK GREEN

As the Dominant Pied Light Green but with a dark green body colour.

DOMINANT PIED OLIVE GREEN

As the Dominant Pied Light Green but with a deep olive green body colour.

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DOMINANT PIED GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey green of an even depth of colour throughout but broken with no more than a maximum of 50% of total body colour area by irregular patches of buttercup yellow or with a clear buttercup yellow band around its middle just above the thighs.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: buttercup yellow at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge but having irregular patches of clear buttercup yellow or with part of the leading edge of the wing up to the shoulder clear buttercup yellow on an otherwise normally marked wing. Wing markings may be grizzled in appearance. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue, fleshy pink or a mixture of both in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: buttercup yellow.
Primary tail feathers: buttercup yellow.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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DOMINANT PIED SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts deep skyblue of an even depth of colour throughout but broken with no more than a maximum of 50% of total body colour area by irregular patches of white or with a white band around its middle just above the thighs.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: white at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined white edge but having irregular patches of white or with part of the leading edge of the wing up to the shoulder white on an otherwise normally marked wing. Wing markings may be grizzled in appearance. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue, fleshy pink or a mixture of both in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: white.
Primary tail feathers: white.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

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DOMINANT PIED COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Dominant Pied Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep rich cobalt (dark blue) body colour.

DOMINANT PIED MAUVE

As the Dominant Pied Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep mauve body colour free from any grey suffusion.

DOMINANT PIED VIOLET

As the Dominant Pied Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep violet body colour.

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DOMINANT PIED GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey of an even depth of colour throughout but broken with no more than a maximum of 50% of total body colour area by irregular patches of white or with a white band around its middle just above the thighs.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: white at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined white edge but having irregular patches of white or with part of the leading edge of the wing up to the shoulder white on an otherwise normally marked wing. Wing markings may be grizzled in appearance. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue, fleshy pink or a mixture of both in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: white.
Primary tail feathers: white.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

NOTE

The Dominant Pied variety may be combined visibly with other varieties.

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CLEARFLIGHT LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts light green of an even depth of colour throughout without any breaks or patches of variegation.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: buttercup yellow at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: seven visible buttercup yellow feathers in each wing.
Primary tail feathers: buttercup yellow.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled or fleshy pink.

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CLEARFLIGHT DARK GREEN

As the Clearflight Light Green but with a dark green body colour.

CLEARFLIGHT OLIVE GREEN

As the Clearflight Light Green but with a deep olive green body colour.

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CLEARFLIGHT GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey green of an even depth of colour throughout without any breaks or patches of variegation.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: buttercup yellow at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge. All markings should he free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: seven visible buttercup yellow feathers in each wing.
Primary tail feathers: buttercup yellow.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled or fleshy pink.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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CLEARFLIGHT SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts deep skyblue of an even depth of colour throughout without any breaks or patches of variegation.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: white at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined white edge. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere:

blue in cocks, brown in hens.

Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: seven visible white feathers in each wing.
Primary tail feathers: white.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled or fleshy pink.

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CLEARFLIGHT COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Clearflight Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep rich cobalt (dark blue) body colour.

CLEARFLIGHT MAUVE

As the Clearflight Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep mauve body colour free from any grey suffusion.

CLEARFLIGHT VIOLET

As the Clearflight Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep violet body colour.

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CLEARFLIGHT GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey of an even depth of colour throughout without any breaks or patches of variegation.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: white at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined white edge. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: seven visible white feathers in each wing.
Primary tail feathers: white.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled or fleshy pink.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

NOTE

The Clearflight variety may be combined visibly with other varieties.

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DUTCH PIED LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts light green of an even depth of colour throughout but broken with no more than a maximum of 50% of total body colour area by patches of buttercup yellow restricted to the top part of the body.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: buttercup yellow at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge but having irregular patches of clear buttercup yellow or with part of the leading edge of the wing up to the shoulder clear buttercup yellow on an otherwise normally marked wing. Wing markings may be grizzled in appearance. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: buttercup yellow.
Primary tail feathers: buttercup yellow.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

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DUTCH PIED DARK GREEN

As the Dutch Pied Light Green but with a dark green body colour.

DUTCH PIED OLIVE GREEN

As the Dutch Pied Light Green but with a deep olive green body colour.

DUTCH PIED GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey green of an even depth of colour throughout but broken with no more than a maximum of 50% of total body colour area by patches of buttercup yellow restricted to the top part of the body.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: buttercup yellow at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge but having irregular patches of clear buttercup yellow or with part of the leading edge of the wing up to the shoulder clear buttercup yellow on an otherwise normally marked wing. Wing markings may be grizzled in appearance. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: buttercup yellow.
Primary tail feathers: buttercup yellow.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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DUTCH PIED SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts deep skyblue of an even depth of colour throughout but broken with no more than a maximum of 50% of total body colour area by patches of white restricted to the top part of the body.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: white at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined white edge but having irregular patches of white or with part of the leading edge of the wing up to the shoulder white on an otherwise normally marked wing. Wing markings may be grizzled in appearance. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: white.
Primary tail feathers: white.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

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DUTCH PIED COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Dutch Pied Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep rich cobalt (dark blue) body colour.

DUTCH PIED MAUVE

As the Dutch Pied Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep mauve body colour free from any grey suffusion.

DUTCH PIED VIOLET

As the Dutch Pied Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep violet body colour.

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DUTCH PIED GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey of an even depth of colour throughout but broken with no more than a maximum of 50% of total body colour area by patches of white restricted to the top part of the body.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Head patch: white at back of head.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined white edge but having irregular patches of white or with part of the leading edge of the wing up to the shoulder white on an otherwise normally marked wing. Wing markings may be grizzled in appearance. All markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: white.
Primary tail feathers: white.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled, fleshy pink or a mixture of both.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

NOTE

The Dutch Pied variety may be combined visibly with other varieties.

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RECESSIVE PIED LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: irregular patches of buttercup yellow and light green with the latter mainly on the lower chest, rump and underparts.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by up to six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, when present the two outer spots to be partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings should be black undulations and/or black dots on a buttercup yellow ground, random in pattern and distribution and covering 10% to 20% of the total wing area.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Beak: orange coloured.
Eyes: dark without a light iris ring.
Cheek patches: violet, silvery white or a mixture of both.
Primary wing flights: buttercup yellow.
Primary tail feathers: buttercup yellow.
Feet and legs: fleshy pink.

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RECESSIVE PIED DARK GREEN

As the Recessive Pied Light Green but with a buttercup yellow and dark green body colour.

RECESSIVE PIED OLIVE GREEN

As the Recessive Pied Light Green but with a buttercup yellow and olive green body colour.

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RECESSIVE PIED GREY GREEN

General body colour: irregular patches of buttercup yellow and grey green with the latter mainly on the lower chest, rump and underparts.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by up to six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, when present the two outer spots to be partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings should be black undulations and/or black dots on a buttercup yellow ground, random in pattern and distribution and covering 10% to 20% of the total wing area.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Beak: orange coloured.
Eyes: dark without a light iris ring.
Cheek patches: grey, silvery white or a mixture of both.
Primary wing flights: buttercup yellow.
Primary tail feathers: buttercup yellow.
Feet and legs: fleshy pink.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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RECESSIVE PIED SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: irregular patches of white and deep skyblue with the latter mainly on the lower chest, rump and underparts
Mask: white, ornamented by up to six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, when present the two outer spots to be partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings should be black undulations and/or black dots on a white ground, random in pattern and distribution and covering 10% to 20% of the total wing area.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Beak: orange coloured.
Eyes: dark without a light iris ring.
Cheek patches: violet, silvery white or a mixture of both.
Primary wing flights: white.
Primary tail feathers: white.
Feet and legs: fleshy pink.

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RECESSIVE PIED COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Recessive Pied Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a white and deep rich cobalt (dark blue) body colour.

RECESSIVE PIED MAUVE

As the Recessive Pied Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a white and deep mauve body colour free from any grey suffusion.

RECESSIVE PIED VIOLET

As the Recessive Pied Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a white and deep violet body colour.

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RECESSIVE PIED GREY

General body colour: irregular patches of white and grey with the latter mainly on the lower chest, rump and underparts.
Mask: white, ornamented by up to six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, when present the two outer spots to be partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings should be black undulations and/or black dots on a white ground, random in pattern and distribution and covering 10% to 20% of the total wing area.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Beak: orange coloured.
Eyes: dark without a light iris ring.
Cheek patches: grey, silvery white or a mixture of both.
Primary wing flights: white.
Primary tail feathers: white.
Feet and legs: fleshy pink.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

NOTE

The Recessive Pied variety may be combined visibly with other varieties.

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DARK-EYED CLEAR YELLOW

General body colour: buttercup yellow, clear and free from all markings.
Mask: buttercup yellow, clear and free from all markings.
Wings: buttercup yellow, clear and free from all markings or grizzled tickings.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Beak: orange coloured.
Eyes: dark without a light iris ring.
Cheek patches: white.
Primary wing flights: paler yellow than rump colour.
Primary tail feathers: paler yellow than rump colour.
Feet and legs:

fleshy pink.

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DARK-EYED CLEAR WHITE

General body colour: white, clear and free from all markings.
Mask: white, clear and free from all markings.
Wings: white, clear and free from all markings or grizzled tickings.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Beak: orange coloured.
Eyes: dark without a light iris ring.
Cheek patches: white.
Primary wing flights: white.
Primary tail feathers: white.
Feet and legs: fleshy pink.

NOTE 1

Dark-Eyed Clear Yellow:- There should be no green suffusion throughout.
Dark-Eyed Clear White:- There should be no blue or grey suffusion throughout.

NOTE 2

The Dark-Eyed Clear White combined with any Yellowface or Goldenface mutation is recognised and the white colour will be suffused with yellow the shade of which will depend on the yellow or goldenface mutation involved.

NOTE 3

The depth of body colour in Dark-Eyed Clear Yellow will vary in accordance with the base body colour it is masking.

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YELLOWFACE GROUP

YELLOWFACE (MUTANT 1) All varieties in the blue series

The standard will be as for all the different varieties in the blue series including grey and should conform in every respect except in the following details:

General body colour: as the corresponding white face variety.
Mask: lemon yellow which should extend over the frontal and crown with no more than minimal intrusion into the undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings may have a light flush of lemon yellow visible in the otherwise white areas at the edge of the markings.
Tail feathers: lemon yellow overlay on the white areas of the secondary tail feathers is permissible.

NOTE

Yellowface Mutant 1 can be bred in single and double factor form, however, the latter is white-faced. A spillage of yellow from the mask into the basic body colour should be penalised, the exception being where the yellowface character is combined with any variety which displays white plumage in the basic body or wing colour where it is permissible for spillage of yellow colour from the mask to run into the areas of white plumage.

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YELLOWFACE (MUTANT 2) DOUBLE FACTOR and GOLDENFACE DOUBLE FACTOR

The standard will be as for all the different varieties in the blue series including grey and should conform in every respect except in the following details:

General body colour: as the corresponding white face variety.
Mask: buttercup yellow which should extend over the frontal and crown (a deeper yellow in the case of the Goldenface version) which will continue through the otherwise white areas of the undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown must be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings may have a light flush of yellow visible in the otherwise white areas at the edge of the markings.
Tail feathers: a deep yellow overlay on the otherwise white areas of the secondary tail feathers.

NOTE

Yellowface Mutant 2 and Goldenface can be bred in single factor forms but it is desirable that only the double factor forms are exhibited as unavoidable confusion can be caused with single factor examples due to the heavily increased suffusion of yellow into the body colour which distorts the basic blue to green/blue shade.

Spillage of yellow colour from the mask in Yellowface Mutant 2 double factor and Goldenface double factor is permissible but should be no more than minimal and confined to the area of the body adjacent to the bottom edge of the mask.

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RAINBOW (composite Opaline Whitewing Yellowface/Goldenface Blue series)

The standard will be as for the Opaline Whitewing Skyblue, Cobalt, Mauve, Violet or Grey except for the following details:

The expression of yellow coloration will vary dependent upon which of the yellowface mutations is visibly present in each case, ie Yellowface Mutant 1 will be lemon yellow, Yellowface Mutant 2 double factor will be buttercup yellow and Goldenface double factor will be deeper yellow. The otherwise white areas of the mask, frontal, crown and the very faintly discernible undulations at the back of the head will be in the shade of yellow coloration appropriate to the Yellowface mutant form.

Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck will have a light flush of the appropriate shade of yellow visible on the otherwise white areas at the edge of the markings.
Wings: may have a very light flush of the appropriate shade of yellow visible on the otherwise white areas at the edge of minimal body colour markings.
Primary wing flights: grey/white.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.
Secondary tail feathers: blueish/grey at the tip, an overlay of the appropriate shade of yellow on the otherwise white areas is permissible.

NOTE

The notes for the above Yellowface and Goldenface mutations regarding the single factor and double factor should also be applied to the written standard for the Rainbow variety.

The Rainbow is not a proper example of the variety unless it is visibly an Opaline, a Whitewing, a Yellowface or Goldenface.

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LIGHT YELLOW

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts buttercup yellow of an even shade throughout and free from any shade of green suffusion.
Mask: buttercup yellow with the throat spots completely absent or only very faintly discernible. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the very faintly discernible undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings, neutral in colour and very faintly discernible with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of green suffusion.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: white suffused.
Primary wing flights: yellowish and lighter than body colour.
Primary tail feathers: yellowish and lighter than body colour.
Feet and legs: pinkish blue/grey mottled.

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DARK YELLOW

As the Light Yellow but with a dark yellow body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

OLIVE YELLOW

As the Light Yellow but with an olive yellow body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

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YELLOW (suffused)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts yellow suffused with either LIGHT, DARK or OLIVE GREEN; this suffusion may vary in intensity up to 50% of normal body colour depth.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round very pale grey throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the very pale grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings very pale grey with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of green suffusion.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: pale blue to pale violet.
Primary wing flights: yellowish white to pale grey.
Primary tail feathers: yellowish white to pale grey.
Feet and legs: pinkish blue/grey mottled.

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GREY YELLOW

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts mustard yellow of an even shade throughout and free from any shade of green suffusion.
Mask: yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round very pale grey throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the very pale grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings very pale grey with a well-defined yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of green suffusion.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: pale grey.
Primary wing flights: grey white to pale grey.
Primary tail feathers: grey white to pale grey.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey yellow. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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WHITE (suffused)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts white suffused with either SKYBLUE, COBALT, MAUVE or VIOLET; this suffusion may vary in intensity up to 50% of normal body colour depth.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round very pale grey throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the very pale grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings very pale grey with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of blue or grey suffusion.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: pale blue to pale violet.
Primary wing flights: blueish white or light grey
Primary tail feathers: blueish white or light grey.
Feet and legs: pinkish blue/grey mottled.

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GREY WHITE

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts; very pale grey of an even shade throughout and free from any shade of blue suffusion.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round very pale grey throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the very pale grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings very pale grey with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of grey/blue suffusion.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: pale grey.
Primary wing flights: grey white to pale grey.
Primary tail feathers: grey white to pale grey.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey white. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

NOTE

Opaline, cinnamon and opaline cinnamon forms of all Yellows and Whites are recognised and follows the general description as for the yellows and whites above but with the opaline, cinnamon or opaline cinnamon characteristics added. The Yellow and White varieties may be combined visibly with other varieties.

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GREYWING GROUP Green Series & Blue Series

GREYWING LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts light green 50% of normal body colour depth of an even shade throughout.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round grey throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; grey with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: light violet.
Primary wing flights: grey with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: grey with a blueish tinge.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

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GREYWING DARK GREEN

As the Greywing Light Green but with a dark green body colour 50% of normal body colour depth.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

GREYWING OLIVE GREEN

As the Greywing Light Green but with an olive green body colour 50% of normal body colour depth.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

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GREYWING GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey green 50% of normal body colour depth of an even shade throughout.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round grey throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; grey with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: light grey.
Primary wing flights: grey with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: grey.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of greywing grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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GREYWING SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts skyblue 50% of normal body colour depth of an even shade throughout
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round grey throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; grey with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: light violet.
Primary wing flights: grey with a minimal white edge
Primary tail feathers: grey with a blueish tinge
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled

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GREYWING COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Greywing Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a cobalt (dark blue) body colour 50% of normal body colour depth.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

GREYWING MAUVE

As the Greywing Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a mauve body colour 50% of normal body colour depth, free from any grey suffusion.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

GREYWING VIOLET

As the Greywing Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a violet body colour 50% of normal body colour depth.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

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GREYWING GREY

General body colour:

rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey 50% of normal body colour depth of an even shade throughout.

Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round grey throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; grey with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: light grey.
Primary wing flights: grey with a minimal white edge.
Primary tail feathers: grey.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of greywing grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

NOTE 1

Opaline form of all Greywings are recognised and follows the general description as for the greywing above but with the opaline characteristics added. The Greywing variety may be combined visibly with other varieties.

NOTE 2

Full Bodied Colour Greywings (the results of pairing a Greywing to a Clearwing) will have the 90% of normal body colour depth and the violet cheek patches.

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LACEWING YELLOW

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts yellow.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the cinnamon brown undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; cinnamon brown on a yellow ground.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: red with a white iris.
Cheek patches: pale violet.
Primary wing flights: pale cinnamon brown with a minimal yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: pale cinnamon brown with a cinnamon brown quill.
Feet and legs: fleshy pink.

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LACEWING WHITE

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts white.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round cinnamon brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the cinnamon brown undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; cinnamon brown on a white ground.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: red with a white iris.
Cheek patches: pale violet.
Primary wing flights: pale cinnamon brown with a minimal white edge.
Primary tail feathers: pale cinnamon brown with a cinnamon brown quill.
Feet and legs: fleshy pink.

NOTE 1

Lacewing Yellow:- There should be no green suffusion throughout.
Lacewing White:- There should be no blue or grey suffusion throughout.

NOTE 2

An Opaline form of the Lacewing is recognised and follows the general description of the Lacewing Yellow and Lacewing White as above but with opaline characteristics.

NOTE 3

The Lacewing White in both the normal and opaline forms when combined with any Yellowface or Goldenface mutation is recognised and the white colour will be suffused with yellow shade of which will depend on the yellow or goldenface mutation involved.

NOTE 4

The depth of body colour in Lacewing Yellow will vary in accordance with the base body colour it is masking.

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FALLOW GROUP Green Series & Blue Series

FALLOW LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts pale light green increasing in depth of shade progressively downwards from the upper breast to the rump area where the colour is the deepest
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round medium brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the medium brown undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; medium brown with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: red or plum, with or without a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: medium brown with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: blueish grey with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey.

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FALLOW DARK GREEN

As the Fallow Light Green but with a pale dark green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

FALLOW OLIVE GREEN

As the Fallow Light Green but with a pale olive green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

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FALLOW GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts pale grey green increasing in depth of shade progressively downwards from the upper breast to the rump area where the colour is the deepest.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round medium brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the medium brown undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; medium brown with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: red or plum, with or without a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: medium brown with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: brownish grey with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of fallow grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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FALLOW SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts pale skyblue increasing in depth of shade progressively downwards from the upper breast to the rump area where the colour is the deepest.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round medium brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the medium brown undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; medium brown with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: red or plum, with or without a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: medium brown with a minimal white edge.
Primary tail feathers: blueish grey with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey.

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FALLOW COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Fallow Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a pale cobalt (dark blue) body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

FALLOW MAUVE

As the Fallow Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a pale mauve body colour, free from any grey suffusion.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

FALLOW VIOLET

As the Fallow Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a pale violet body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion with a brown quill.

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FALLOW GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts pale grey increasing in depth of shade progressively downwards from the upper breast to the rump area where the colour is the deepest.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round medium brown throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the medium brown undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; medium brown with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: fleshy pink in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: red or plum, with or without a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: medium brown with a minimal white edge.
Primary tail feathers: brownish grey with a brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of fallow grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

NOTE 1

English and German forms of the Fallow are recognised; the German form having a white iris ring around the eye, the English form has no iris.

NOTE 2

Opaline form of all Fallows are recognised and follows the general description as for the fallow above but with the opaline characteristics added.

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SEX-LINKED CLEARBODY GROUP Green Series & Blue Series

SEX-LINKED CLEARBODY LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts yellow suffused with light green and may vary in intensity from minimum through to almost 50% of normal body colour depth, the suffusion should increase in depth of shade progressively downwards from the upper breast to the rump area where the colour is deepest.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extends over the frontal and crown merging with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; pale black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: pale grey.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

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SEX-LINKED CLEARBODY DARK GREEN

As the Clearbody Light Green but with a yellow suffused with a dark green body colour.

SEX-LINKED CLEARBODY OLIVE GREEN

As the Clearbody Light Green but with a yellow suffused with an olive green body colour.

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SEX-LINKED CLEARBODY GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts dull mustard yellow of a solid and even shade throughout.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extends over the frontal and crown merging with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; pale black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: pale grey.
Primary tail feathers: black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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SEX-LINKED CLEARBODY SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts white suffused with skyblue and may vary in intensity from minimum through to almost 50% of normal body colour depth, the suffusion should increase in depth of shade progressively downwards from the upper breast to the rump area where the colour is the deepest.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extends over the frontal and crown merging with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; pale black with a well-defined white edge free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: pale grey.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

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SEX-LINKED CLEARBODY COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Clearbody Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a white suffused with a cobalt (dark blue) body colour.

SEX-LINKED CLEARBODY MAUVE

As the Clearbody Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a white suffused with a mauve body colour, free from any grey suffusion.

SEX-LINKED CLEARBODY VIOLET

As the Clearbody Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a white suffused with a violet body colour.

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SEX-LINKED CLEARBODY GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts, pale grey to white of a solid and even shade throughout.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extends over the frontal and crown merging with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; pale black with a well-defined white edge free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: pale grey.
Primary tail feathers: black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

NOTE 1

The sex-linked Clearbody variety may be combined visibly with other varieties. Visible recognition problems may be encountered where the sex-linked Clearbody is combined with any of the suffused Yellow or White varieties.

The sex-linked Clearbody variety is more commonly known as the Texas Clearbody.

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DOMINANT CLEARBODY LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts yellow suffused with light green and may vary in intensity from minimum through to almost 50% of normal body colour depth, the suffusion should increase in depth of shade progressively downwards from the upper breast to the rump area where the colour is deepest.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round jet black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extends over the frontal and crown merging with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; jet black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: smoky grey.
Primary wing flights: jet black with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: jet black.
Feet and legs: pinkish/grey mottled.

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DOMINANT CLEARBODY SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts white suffused with skyblue and may vary in intensity from minimum through to almost 50% of normal body colour depth, the suffusion should increase in depth of shade progressively downwards from the upper breast to the rump area where the colour is the deepest.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round jet black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extends over the frontal and crown merging with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; jet black with a well-defined white edge free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: smoky grey.
Primary wing flights: jet black with a minimal white edge.
Primary tail feathers: jet black.
Feet and legs: pinkish/grey mottled.

NOTE 1

The dominant Clearbody variety may be combined visibly with other varieties. Visible recognition problems may be encountered where the dominant Clearbody is combined with any of the suffused Yellow or White varieties.

NOTE 2

The dominant Clearbody variety may be combined visibly with all the Green Series and Blue Series body colours.
The dominant Clearbody variety is more commonly known as the Easley Clearbody or Laced Clear.

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SLATE (BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts dull slate blue of a solid and even shade throughout.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extends over the frontal and crown merging with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; black with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: deep violet.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal clear white edge.
Primary tail feathers: deep dark blue.
Feet and legs: pinkish grey.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of slate and in all other varieties).

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ANTHRACITE (BLUE SERIES)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts dark anthracite of an even depth of colour throughout
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round deep black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extending over the frontal and crown, to merge with the black undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck and wings; deep black with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris
Cheek patches: dark anthracite
Primary wing flights: deep black with a minimal white edge
Primary tail feathers: deep black
Feet and legs: blue/grey

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SADDLEBACK GROUP Green Series & Blue Series

SADDLEBACK LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts light green of a solid and even shade throughout.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extends over the frontal and crown merging with the thin light grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck including V area (saddle or mantle); thin light grey on light green base. Wing markings near the V area (saddle or mantle) light grey changes continuously to black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

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SADDLEBACK DARK GREEN

As the Saddleback Light Green but with a dark green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

SADDLEBACK OLIVE GREEN

As the Saddleback Light Green but with a deep olive green body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

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SADDLEBACK GREY GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey green of a solid and even shade throughout.
Mask: buttercup yellow, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The buttercup yellow of the mask extends over the frontal and crown merging with the thin light grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck including V area (saddle or mantle); thin light grey on grey green base. Wing markings near the V area (saddle or mantle) light grey changes continuously to black with a well-defined buttercup yellow edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey green. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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SADDLEBACK SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts deep skyblue of a solid and even shade throughout.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extends over the frontal and crown merging with the thin light grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck including V area (saddle or mantle); thin light grey on skyblue base. Wing markings near the V area (saddle or mantle) light grey changes continuously to black with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal white edge.
Primary tail feathers: dark blue.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

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SADDLEBACK COBALT (DARK BLUE)

As the Saddleback Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep rich cobalt (dark blue) body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

SADDLEBACK MAUVE

As the Saddleback Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep mauve body colour, free from any grey suffusion.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

SADDLEBACK VIOLET

As the Saddleback Skyblue (Light Blue) but with a deep intense violet body colour.
Primary tail feathers: darker in proportion.

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SADDLEBACK GREY

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts grey of a solid and even shade throughout.
Mask: white, ornamented by six evenly spaced large round black throat spots, the outer two being partially covered by the base of the cheek patches. The white of the mask extends over the frontal and crown merging with the thin light grey undulations at the back of the head. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head, neck including V area (saddle or mantle); thin light grey on grey base. Wing markings near the V area (saddle or mantle) light grey changes continuously to black with a well-defined white edge, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: grey.
Primary wing flights: black with a minimal buttercup yellow edge.
Primary tail feathers: black.
Feet and legs: blue/grey mottled.

(Note: there are light, medium and dark shades of grey. The shade of the cheek patches may change according to the shade of the body colour).

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OPALINE YELLOW-WING LIGHT GREEN

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts light green of an even depth of colour throughout including V area (saddle or mantle), not less than 90% of the normal variety in depth and intensity.
Mask: buttercup yellow, with the throat spots completely absent or only faintly visible greyish/white in colour. The buttercup yellow of the mask extending over the frontal, crown and on down through the faint undulations at the back of the head to merge into the body colour at a point level with the butt of the wings where undulations should cease, thus leaving a clear V (saddle or mantle) effect between the top of the wings. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck faintly visible on a buttercup yellow ground, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris.
Cheek patches: violet.
Wings: buttercup yellow with minimal body colour markings symmetrically shaped with an opalescent effect.
Primary wing flights: yellowish grey/white.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

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OPALINE WHITEWING SKYBLUE (LIGHT BLUE)

General body colour: rump, breast, flanks and underparts deep skyblue of an even depth of colour throughout including V area (saddle or mantle), not less than 90% of the normal variety in depth and intensity.
Mask: white, with the throat spots completely absent or only faintly visible greyish/white in colour. The white of the mask extending over the frontal, crown and on down through the faint undulations at the back of the head to merge into the body colour at a point level with the butt of the wings where undulations should cease, thus leaving a clear V (saddle or mantle) effect between the top of the wings. The frontal and crown should be clear and free from all markings.
Markings: on cheeks, back of head and neck faintly visible on a white ground, all markings should be free from any intrusion of body colour.
Cere: blue in cocks, brown in hens.
Eyes: black with a white iris
Cheek patches: violet.
Wings: white with minimal body colour markings symmetrically shaped with an opalescent effect.
Primary wing flights: grey/white.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion.
Feet and legs: blue/grey.

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CINNAMON YELLOW-WING & WHITEWING

NOTE: The normal cinnamon form of the above is recognised and the Standard will be as the Yellow-wing and Whitewing varieties except in the following details:

General body colour: diluted to approximately 50% of body colour depth.
Markings: faintly discernible and faintly pale cinnamon brown in colour.
Cheek patches: pale violet.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion with a very pale cinnamon brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish-grey mottled.

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OPALINE CINNAMON YELLOW-WING & WHITEWING

NOTE: The opaline cinnamon form of the above is recognised and the Standard will be as the Yellow-wing and Whitewing varieties except in the following details:

General body colour: diluted to approximately 50% of body colour depth.
Markings: faintly discernible and faintly pale cinnamon brown in colour.
Cheek patches: pale violet.
Primary tail feathers: neutral with ground or body colour suffusion with a very pale cinnamon brown quill.
Feet and legs: pinkish-grey mottled.

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WBO 2001